Chapter 6: Upper Limb – part 2

Forearm The forearm is the distal unit of the articulated strut (extension) of the upper limb. It extends from the elbow to the wrist and contains two bones, the radius and ulna, which are joined by an interosseous membrane (Fig. 6.56A, B, & D). Although thin, this fibrous membrane is strong. In addition to firmly […]

Chapter 7: Head

Overview of Head The head is the superior part of the body that is attached to the trunk by the neck. It is the control and communications center as well as the “loading dock” for the body. It houses the brain; therefore, it is the site of our consciousness: ideas, creativity, imagination, responses, decision making, […]

Chapter 7: Head – part 2

Eye, Orbit, Orbital Region, and Eyeball The eye is the organ of vision and consists of the eyeball and the optic nerve. The orbit contains the eyeball and its accessory visual structures (L., adnexa oculi). The orbital region is the area of the face overlying the orbit and eyeball and includes the upper and lower […]

Chapter 8: Neck

Overview The neck is the transitional area between the base of the cranium superiorly and the clavicles inferiorly. The neck joins the head to the trunk and limbs, serving as a major conduit for structures passing between them. In addition, several important organs with unique functions are located here: the larynx and the thyroid and […]

Chapter 9: Summary of Cranial Nerves

Introduction The regional aspects of the cranial nerves are described in the preceding chapters, especially those for the head and neck. This chapter summarizes all of the cranial nerves, largely in figures and tables. Figures 9.1,9.2–9.3 and Tables 9.1 and 9.2 summarize specific cranial nerves. Figure 9.4 and Table 9.3 summarize the cranial parasympathetic ganglia, […]