Chapter 28: Behavioral and Psychiatric Disorders

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should understand and/or identify: The behavioral and clinical characteristics of the major psychiatric and behavioral disorders (i.e., schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, and addiction). The major transmitters that are thought to be linked to the expression of these disorders. The rationale for the pharmacological approaches applied to the treatment of […]

Chapter 27: Vascular Syndromes

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: List the common neuroimaging techniques and describe the principles on which they are based. Describe the salient characteristics of different vascular syndromes. Describe the salient characteristics of stroke. Introduction The main focus of this chapter is to discuss the most common vascular syndromes in […]

Chapter 26: The Thalamus and Cerebral Cortex

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe and diagram the histological arrangement of the cerebral cortex and its columnar organization. Identify the major afferent sources of the cerebral cortex. Review the organization and functional properties of thalamic nuclei considered in Chapter 13 and analysis of the projections from thalamic nuclei […]

Chapter 25: The Limbic System

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe and diagram the basic morphology of the structures comprising the limbic system. Describe and diagram the input-output relationships of limbic nuclei. Characterize the functions of limbic brain structures and their underlying mechanisms (where known). Develop an understanding of the structural and functional bases […]

Chapter 24: The Hypothalamus

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe and diagram the morphological organization of the hypothalamus. List and diagram the primary afferent fiber connections of the hypothalamus. List and diagram the primary efferent fiber connections of the hypothalamus. Describe the basic functional properties of the hypothalamus regarding: Control of endocrine functions; […]

Chapter 23: The Reticular Formation

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe and diagram (label) the general morphologic organization of the reticular formation and its overall boundaries. List, describe, and diagram the important sensory, motor, and visceral (autonomic) inputs to the reticular formation that relate to its basic functions. List, describe, and diagram the efferent […]

Chapter 22: The Autonomic Nervous System

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe and diagram the three divisions (sympathetic, parasympathetic, and enteric) of the autonomic nervous system and list their functions. Describe and diagram the anatomy of the sympathetic pathways, including the location of preganglionic and postganglionic neurons and the intervening ganglia. Describe and diagram the […]

Chapter 21: The Cerebellum

Objectives The student should be able to: Describe, diagram, and label the morphological features of the cerebellum. List the afferent sources of the cerebellum from: (1) the spinal cord, (2) brainstem, and (3) cerebral cortex. Characterize the functional properties of these afferent sources of the cerebellum. Describe and label the internal circuitry of the cerebellar […]

Chapter 20: The Basal Ganglia

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: List, diagram, and describe the anatomical structures that comprise the basal ganglia. List the primary afferent sources of the basal ganglia and describe how those projections are distributed to different parts of the neostriatum. Diagram the flow pathways through the basal ganglia. List and […]

Chapter 19: The Upper Motor Neurons

Objectives In this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe and diagram the origin, distribution, and somatotopic organization of the corticospinal tract. List and describe the functional mechanisms subserving voluntary control of movement. List and describe some of the basic mechanisms underlying upper motor neuron paralysis involving the corticospinal system. List and describe the […]