Chapter 11: Brainstem II: Pons and Cerebellum

Objectives In this chapter, the student is expected to: Learn the gross anatomy of the pons. Learn the gross anatomy of the cerebellum (details concerning cerebellar anatomy and function will be discussed in Chapter 21). Know the organization and relationships of the major fiber pathways that traverse the pons. Identify the major cell groups that […]

Chapter 12: Brainstem III: The Midbrain

Objectives In this chapter, the student is expected to: Have a general understanding of the gross anatomic arrangement of the midbrain. Be able to identify the major cell groups that are situated at two levels of the midbrain: the inferior colliculus and superior colliculus. Know the organization and relationships of the major fiber pathways that […]

Chapter 13: The Forebrain

Objectives In this chapter, the student should be able to: List, diagram, and describe the major nuclear groups of the thalamus. List, diagram, and describe the major nuclei of the hypothalamus and the neural pathways that traverse the hypothalamus. List, diagram, and describe the structures that comprise the limbic system and the principal neural pathways […]

Chapter 14: The Cranial Nerves

Objectives In this chapter, the student should be able to list and describe the functional classification(s) of each of the cranial nerves including: The origin of the relevant cell bodies of the first-order, second-order, and third-order neurons (where appropriate) for each of the cranial nerves. The peripheral and central distributions of each of the cranial […]

Chapter 15: Somatosensory System

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe the general organization of the sensory systems. List, diagram, and describe different components of sensory systems. Describe the classification of major sensory systems. Describe and diagram the receptors, anatomical pathways, and physiological functions associated with the following sensations: Tactile sensations (touch, pressure, and […]

Chapter 16: Visual System

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe and diagram the components of the eye. List, describe, and diagram the layers of the retina. Describe the structure and function of photoreceptors. Describe the mechanism of phototransduction. Describe the role of different retinal cells in relaying signals from the photoreceptors to the […]

Chapter 17: Auditory and Vestibular Systems

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe the characteristics of a sound wave. Describe and diagram the anatomy and physiology of the external, middle, and inner ear. Describe the mechanism of sound conduction. Describe and diagram the ascending and descending auditory pathways. Describe the clinical disorders associated with the auditory […]

Chapter 18: Olfaction and Taste

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe the stimuli that activate olfactory (smell) receptors. List, diagram, and describe the anatomical components of olfactory receptors. Describe transduction of olfactory stimuli. Describe and diagram central pathways that mediate olfactory sensations. List and describe clinical conditions that alter olfactory sensations. Describe the stimuli […]

Chapter 19: The Upper Motor Neurons

Objectives In this chapter, the student should be able to: Describe and diagram the origin, distribution, and somatotopic organization of the corticospinal tract. List and describe the functional mechanisms subserving voluntary control of movement. List and describe some of the basic mechanisms underlying upper motor neuron paralysis involving the corticospinal system. List and describe the […]

Chapter 20: The Basal Ganglia

Objectives After reading this chapter, the student should be able to: List, diagram, and describe the anatomical structures that comprise the basal ganglia. List the primary afferent sources of the basal ganglia and describe how those projections are distributed to different parts of the neostriatum. Diagram the flow pathways through the basal ganglia. List and […]