Food Shortages in Third World Countries

Food Crisis in Developing World

The food crisis in the developing world is caused by some various factors. One of the main causes of food crisis results from the constraints in the agricultural sector resulting in reduced productivity (Ashley, 2013). Continued environmental degradation has led to increased food crisis since it destroys the natural water systems and alters mineral contents in the soil hence leading to decreased agricultural productivity as well as causing desertification. Some of the environmental degradation activities include deforestation, improper land use such as for housing development and industrial pollution. Increase population growth has also been shown to contribute towards food insecurity as a result of the associated vices such as urbanization, changes in consumption as well as HIV/AIDs (Gerdes, 2012). Food insecurity is also caused by the natural disaster such as those seen in the developing countries including drought and floods. Political instability and war have also contributed towards the increased food crisis that is observed in developing countries. 

The solution is to increase the allocation of resources from both the public and private sector. The increased number of resources would ensure that the players in the agricultural sector can continually innovate and adopt the use of higher crop yielding plants and livestock (Ashley, 2013). In order to counter the increased environmental degradation, there is a need to develop policies to control waste management and also activities that result in global warming (Saad, 2013). There is also need for the governments of the developing countries to ensure that they address the political instability that leads to the multiple uprising which ultimately impacts the ability of these countries to produce enough food to feed their populace. It is also important to ensure that there are enough resources to address the natural disasters that are common in the developing countries to ensure that the resulting damage is mitigated and to reduce the impact on food production. 

British Commonwealth

The British Commonwealth is arguably the oldest association of countries as its origins can be traced back to the nations that were colonized by the British Empire. The association has since been redefined after the countries gained independence to be one of free and voluntary co-operation (Hyam, 2010). The modern form of the Commonwealth Association has been reorganized to accommodate countries that were not historically under the British Empire such as Rwanda and Mozambique as the organization seeks to adopt its theme of being more accommodative and inclusive. The primary objective of the association is to ensure that there is increased cooperation between the nations in areas such as politics, policies, governance, trade, sports and also the sharing of knowledge (Hyam, 2010). 

French Community

The French Community was an association mainly comprised or nations that were under the colonial power of the France. The majority of the countries were mainly from the Africa and with only a handful being from the European continent. The status of the different nations involved in the French Community mainly fell under three main categories such as the overseas territory, state and also be an overseas department of France (Thomas, 2011). The French government was tasked with offering security and policy guides for the involved nations. The association was later abolished in 1995 when the different articles that guided its operations were removed from the French Constitution.  

The main differences in the two associations are seen in the area of leadership and the objectives that they intended to achieve. For example, the British Commonwealth quickly evolved after its members gained independence to align its goals with the promotion of cooperation among the states. France continued to retain its control of the states in the French Community (Thomas, 2011). 

References

Ashley, J. (2013). Food security in the developing world. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Gerdes, L. (2012). Food insecurity. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.

Hyam, R. (2010). Understanding the British Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

Saad, M. (2013). Global hunger crisis: Tackling food insecurity in developing countries. London: Pluto Press.

Thomas, M. (2011). The French colonial mind. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.